Blackwood is a native hardwood very similar in appearance to Koa wood. It has a golden brown heart wood with narrow dark streaks. It also is available with the rare Fiddle-back grain. Acoustically it has a brighter tone, reminiscent of Koa, but still able to enhance the mid range tones. Blackwood grows up the east coast of Australia from Tasmania in the south ,through eastern Victoria ,and NSW up to the mid North coast around Dorrigo. It's character varies from very hard and dark brown in Tasmania and Southern Victoria ,to medium hardness and a beautiful Honey Brown colour in north coast of NSW. It is a wonderful tonewood. Air Dried Density approx.640kg/m3.
King William Pine is medium to large softwood of the high rainfall areas of western Tasmania in Australia. These trees live for around 3000 years, and grow approximately 2mm in girth per year. It has heart wood which is pink to pale reddish brown in colour. Growth rings are prominent due to darker latewood. Fine texture,straight grain. Air Dried Density approx. 400kg/m3.
NGR is a medium sized hardwood occurring from south-east Asia and the Philippines and east as far as the Solomon Islands. It has heart wood which ranges from golden brown to a dark blood red, with occasional bluey veins and yellow sap wood approx. 60 wide. Medium texture, variable grain, often highly figured, this wood has a sweet fragrant odour when cut. Works and bends easily. Acoustically it has a very bright ping when tapped, (can be used for marimba bars). Makes great guitars. Very stable and has a ribbon grain. Air Dried Density approx. 650 kg/m3.
Brazil. Yellowish brown to reddish brown in colour, Genuine or "Amazon" mahogany is exceptionally stable and consistently clear. Mahogany is much lighter in weight than rosewood, Koa, or maple. In spite of its weight, mahogany yields a surprisingly strong loud sound with an emphasis on clear bright trebles.
Brazil. Sometimes referred to as "Jacaranda", this species of genuine rosewood ranges in colour from dark brown to violet with spidery black streaks. The smell is like roses when freshly cut. Brazilian rosewood is considered nearly extinct and is extremely expensive if available at all. Brazilian rosewood is available in very limited quantities for custom or special limited edition orders only.
India. Typically richly grained with dark purple, red, and brown colour, East Indian rosewood is resinous, stable and generally more consistent than most other rosewood species. East Indian rosewood is extremely resonant producing a deep warm projective bass response that is especially accentuated on large bodies guitars.
Germany. Curly, flamed, tiger striped, or "Fiddleback" maple refers to the characteristic alternating hard and soft rippling which runs perpendicular to the grain in some rarer maple trees. This particular species of European maple is very hard and reflective, producing a loud powerful projective sound
Canadian Northwest & Alaska. Sitka spruce is the primary top wood for Martin Guitars. It is chosen because of it's consistent quality as well as it's straight uniform grain, longevity, and tensile strength. Tonally, Sitka spruce is extremely vibrant providing an ideal "diaphragm" for transmission of sound on any size and style of stringed instrument.
Italy. European White spruce as well as its extreme lightness in weight which seems to produce a slightly louder and more projective or "open" sound than Sitka spruce. European spruce grows in the alpine elevations of the Italian Alps. It is considerably more limited in supply than Sitka spruce.
Canada/United States . Western Red Cedar has long been utilised as a soundboard material by classical guitar makers for its vibrancy and clarity of sound. It is extremely light in weight compared to spruce and the tonal result is generally a slightly louder, more open response.
Africa/Sri Lanka. Black Ebony has long been used as finger boards and bridges on musical instruments for hundreds of years. Macassar (stripey) ebony has also been used. Heartwood black or black streaked with brown. White sapwood. It is fine and even in texture, grain interlocked and extremely heavy. Fine finish . Air dried density 900 to 1100 kg/m3